This course aims to provide students with understanding of the ocean processes within the geological, physical, chemical and biological aspects of the ocean environment. Geological component covers topics on the origin, morphology, structure and processes of the sea floor and ocean margins;  plate tectonics, marine sediments and sea level changes.  Physical oceanography covers topics on water masses, water movement and circulation, deep water currents, and emerging issues (e.g., El NiƱo phenomena, sea level changes related to global warming). Chemical component deals with the physical and chemical properties of water, nutrients and carbon dioxide. Emerging issues related to this (e.g., eutrophication, ocean acidification) will be discussed. Biological Oceanography component provide students with knowledge and understanding of the relationships and interdependence of the biological systems to the marine geological and physico-chemical environments.

This course include the study of the composition, the production and the destruction of the chemical compounds found in liing organisms. It encoompasses all the chemical reactions carried out  by the cells and the relationship between these reactions.

A survey of microorganisms according to their taxonomic groupings, metabolic activity, and ecology with focus in their importance to fisheries, aquaculture, aquatic resources and environment.